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Informix Machine Notes

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                      =================================
                            MACHINE SPECIFIC NOTES
                                    FOR
             IBM INFORMIX Database Server 11.70.FC8 PRODUCT RELEASE
                               ON IBM AIX 6.1 64bit
                               DATE: 17 Dec 2013
                      =================================

OS Information : Built on AIX 6.1 Technology Level 4 SP 3. Certified on AIX 7.1.

System Requirements
===================

1.  This product was built on AIX 6.1 Technology Level 4 SP 3 using the 
    following compilers:

    IBM XL C/C++ Compiler 10.1.0.0
    XL C/C++ Runtime      10.1.0.2

2.  AIX patch requirement:

    AIX 7.1:

        September 2010 PTF for XL C for AIX, V11.1
 
3.  The UNIX graphical tools provided with this release require X Window
    system X11R6 and Motif 2.1 or later runtime libraries.

4.  The High Performance Loader utilities, onpload and ipload, require a 
    minimum of 35 MB of memory and 70 MB of swap space in order to run.

5.  If you are using Java UDRs, please refer to "AIX Loader Domains" under
    J/Foundation section for details.

6.  IBM Informix Database Server uses the libraries and utilities provided by
    the IBM Global Security Kit (GSKit) for data encryption and Secure Sockets
    Layer (SSL) communication. The GSKit is bundled with the server and will
    be installed on your machine as part of the server installation process.
    Here are more details on the GSKit:

       a. The GSKit is also bundled with other IBM products and might
          already be present on your machine. If GSKit 8.0.50.13 is not
          installed, Informix server will install GSKit in /usr/opt/ibm/gsksa
          directory on your machine.

       b. The GSKit installation directory must have 30 MB of free disk space.

Check the following web site for the latest AIX system requirements 
for IBM Informix Database Server:

    http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?rs=630&uid=swg27013343


System Configuration
====================

1.  Location of Shared Memory

    The ONCONFIG variable SHMBASE should be set to the following:

 	SHMBASE 0x700000010000000

    Previously, Informix recommended 0x700000000000000 unless using J/Foundation
    or ICU (GLU).  Using this value avoids warnings.

2.  Environment Variables

    a. It is recommended that the environment variable INFORMIXSTACKSIZE be set
       to 128 (the default is 64) if the application involves operations which
       would require the IBM Informix Database Server to perform recursive
       database tasks (for example, cascading deletes).

    b. If you are using Java UDRs, set environment variable LDR_CNTRL to
       include the value "USERREGS" and "LOADPUBLIC" before starting IBM 
       Informix Database Server.
       export LDR_CNTRL=LOADPUBLIC@USERREGS


Feature Notes  (alphabetized by feature)
=============

1.  High Performance Loader

    User-defined conversion routines must be provided in a dynamic, shared
    library called ipldd11a_64.so. This library is installed in the 
    $INFORMIXDIR/lib directory. You can set the location of this file with 
    the HPL_DYNAMIC_LIB_PATH configuration parameter in file pointed to by 
    PLCONFIG environment variable. For more details, refer the manual 
    "High-Performance Loader User's Guide".

    To create a 64-bit shared library, the environment variable OBJECT_MODE
    should be set to 64 to convey to the compiler that a 64-bit object is to
    be generated. The "-q64" flag for cc can also be used to indicate to the
    compiler that 64-bit object is to be generated.

2.  Informix Storage Manager (ISM 2.2)

    This product is installed with Informix server. The ISM XBSA shared 
    library name is $INFORMIXDIR/lib/libbsa.o.

3.  IPv6 Support 

    The Informix database server supports Internet Protocol Version 6 (128 Bit 
    Internet Addresses) as well as IPv4 (32 Bit Addresses).
   
    In order for the machine name that is specified in the SQLHOSTS file to 
    resolve to the correct IP address, the name services files on the operating 
    system must be configured correctly. If the machine has an IPv6 address 
    configured, and the listener thread is bound to an IPv6 address, then the 
    name resolution file /etc/netsvc.conf must be configured to fetch an IPv6 
    address. Also any local machine settings must be set correctly in the 
    /etc/hosts file.

    For compatibility with earlier version of Informix client and server 
    products, assign each host name with both an IPv4 address and an IPv6 
    address. If the listener needs to be bound to an IPv4 address, and the 
    name services resolve the name in the order of the IPv6 address followed 
    by the IPv4 address, then an explicit IPv4 address needs to be put in the 
    host name field of SQLHOSTS file. Client applications should also use the 
    same setting. 

4.  J/Foundation (Java in the Server)

    J/Foundation supports the 64bit JRE 6.0 release from IBM which uses 
    the AIX native threads based Java Virtual Machine.

    The JRE 6.0 is available under $INFORMIXDIR/extend/krakatoa/jre and
    should be used with J/Foundation.

    To use this JRE, set the value of the ONCONFIG variable JVPJAVAHOME as
    follows:
    
        JVPJAVAHOME    <jvphome>/jre
            where <jvphome> is $INFORMIXDIR/extend/krakatoa

    For developing Java UDRs used with J/Foundation, use 64bit JDK 5.0 
    which can be downloaded from IBM's Java website:

    	http://www.ibm.com/java/jdk/
  
    For IBM Informix Database Server ONCONFIG settings for J/Foundation,
    refer to "onconfig.std" in $INFORMIXDIR/etc.

    AIX Loader Domains
    ------------------
    If multiple shared libraries are loaded onto two VPs, one of which is
    a Java VP, and the libraries are not loaded in the same order on each
    VP, executing a function from the libraries can cause the IBM Informix
    Database Server to core dump with the following message in online.log:

        09:35:58  Assert Failed: Exception Caught. Type: MT_EX_OS, Context: ill
        09:35:58   Who: Session(15, informix@ibms70, 46918, 1075033896)
                        Thread(41, sqlexec, 4010c7d8, 3)
                        File: mtex.c Line: 372
        09:35:58   Action: Please notify Technical Support.

    You would typically encounter this error if your application is using
    both C UDRs and Java UDRs.

    To resolve this problem, the AIX loader domains concept is used. The
    loader domain provides a means of loading shared libraries at the same
    virtual address in a set of processes. The loader domain file is created 
    during the installation of the IBM Informix Database Server. This is 
    installed as "/var/adm/ifx_loader_domain".

    IBM Informix Database Server with J/Foundation on AIX requires the loader 
    domain file "/var/adm/ifx_loader_domain" to exist at all times. If the 
    file does not exist, create it as superuser using the following commands:

        touch /var/adm/ifx_loader_domain
        chgrp informix /var/adm/ifx_loader_domain
        chmod 660 /var/adm/ifx_loader_domain

    Java Attach API
    ------------------
    There is a known defect (IZ73533) in the IBM Java SE Runtime Environment SR7
    where if the Attach API is enabled, it causes high CPU utilization. In order
    to avoid this behavior, the Attach API has been disabled by setting the
    following server ONCONFIG parameter:

        JVPARGS -Dcom.ibm.tools.attach.enable=no

5.  Kernel Asynchronous I/O (KAIO)

    KAIO is enabled by default on this platform. 

    The AIO subsystem is loaded by default but not activated. No AIO 
    server is started at AIX startup. The AIO server is automatically
    started when applications are initiating AIO I/O requests. It stays 
    active as long as it services AIO I/O requests.

    To disable KAIO, set the environment variable KAIOOFF:

         KAIOOFF=1 ; export KAIOOFF      ( for Bourne or Korn shell )
         setenv KAIOOFF 1                ( for C shell )

    Limit the number of resident memory segments allocated to Informix.
    If you allocate a lot of resident memory segments to Informix and
    Informix uses a lot of KAIO and direct I/O, KAIO read or write calls
    might fail with errno 22 (EINVAL). EINVAL errors can lead to down dbspaces
    or system aborts. The following error typically appears in the server log:

         04:30:40  KAIO: error in kaio_WRITE, kaiocbp = 0x22b620d0, errno = 22
         04:30:40  fildes = 258 (gfd 3), buf = 0x700000122b64000, nbytes = 4096,
                   offset = 130785280

    The usual reason for these EINVAL errors is that the OS is running low
    on resident memory pages because the Informix server has too many shared
    memory segments allocated as "resident,"  as well as pinned OS kernel
    memory and KAIO resources.

    You can prevent these errors by setting fewer, or no, Informix server
    shared memory segments as resident. Set the RESIDENT configuration
    parameter in the onconfig file to 1 or 0.

6.  Large Memory Addressability (LMA)

    IBM Informix LMA provides the ability to support system configurations
    with greater than 4GB of RAM. Most UNIX systems are limited to 4GB of 
    RAM based on the memory addressing limitations of 32-bit architectures.

    The values for the following ONCONFIG parameters are increased from
    32-bit to 64-bit platform by LMA support:

        - The maximum number of buffers in BUFFERPOOL is 2147483647.

        - The maximum of LRU queues for lrus field in BUFFERPOOL is 512.

        - The DS_TOTAL_MEMORY, which is the total memory available for
          decision support memory, is only limited by the amount of virtual
          memory available. The sort memory comes out of the DS_TOTAL_MEMORY
          memory and hence there is no explicit limit on the amount of sort 
          memory.

        - The read ahead parameter RA_PAGES is only limited by the number of 
          buffers and therefore can be any value less than 2147483647. The 
          "chunk" write algorithm is not dependent on the amount of buffers
          or shared memory and can write as many pages in a single I/O as 
          possible.

        - The maximum size of any shared memory segment is 68719460352 bytes. 

        - The value for SHMADD is 67108848 kilobytes.

7.  MQ Messaging Database Extension

    The MQ extension provides mechanism for data exchange between 
    Informix server and queues managed by Websphere MQ. 

    On 64-bit AIX platforms, after installing Websphere MQ, remove the 
    symbolic links from /usr/lib to the 32-bit WebSphere MQ libraries using 
    the 'dltmqlnk' command described in Websphere MQ manual "Quick Beginnings 
    for AIX".
 
    Note: MQ extension module expects Websphere MQ libraries installed in the
          default location /usr/mqm. Otherwise create symbolic links from 
          /usr/mqm/lib64 to the 64-bit Websphere MQ libraries.

8.  Network Protocols  

    The following protocols and interfaces are supported on this platform:

       SOCKETS using TCP/IP
       IPC using stream pipe (implemented using UNIX Domain Sockets)

    To use SOCKETS with TCP/IP:

       a. The NETTYPE entry in the ONCONFIG file and the nettype field in
          the sqlhosts file entry must contain "onsoctcp".

       b. To enable an IBM Data Server Client to connect to the database 
          Server, the NETTYPE entry in the ONCONFIG file and the protocal
          value in the sqlhosts file entry must contain "drsoctcp"

          If a CLI or JCC client wants to connect to the database server 
          through DRDA while supporting SQLI connections, you must add a 
          DBSERVERALIASES entry to the ONCONFIG file that corresponds to 
          the sqlhosts file entry.

    To use IPC (interprocess communication) with stream pipe:

        a.  The NETTYPE entry in the ONCONFIG file and the nettype field in 
            the sqlhosts file entry must contain "onipcstr".

    Fast poll is supported with TCP/IP and stream pipe interfaces. To disable
    fast poll, set the FASTPOLL parameter to 0 in the ONCONFIG file. By default 
    the fast poll is enabled (value is 1).

    Remote 32-bit applications and tools (example: ESQL/C, 4GL, ISQL) can 
    only connect to the IBM Informix Database Server using the TCP/IP 
    protocol.
 
    Local 32-bit applications and tools can connect to the 64-bit server 
    using either the TCP/IP sockets or the IPC stream pipe protocols.

    The protocol for supporting IBM Informix MaxConnect on this platform 
    is "onsocimc".

9.  No Age (Disable Priority Aging)

    The no aging feature that disables priority aging of CPU virtual processors 
    by the operating system can be activated by setting the noage option of the 
    VPCLASS configuration parameter for the CPU virtual processors. For example,
    the following ONCONFIG entry specifies that there are 8 CPU VPs, each 
    without aging:

    VPCLASS cpu,num=8,noage

    When NOAGE is activated, all oninit processes will run at priority 60
    with fixed priority round robin type scheduling.

    Note: The NOAGE configuration parameter is deprecated; it is replaced by 
    the VPCLASS configuration parameter with the noage option.

    To override the default priority value for CPU VP class, set the 
    environment variable INFX_CPUVP_PRIORITY to the desired priority,
    within limits (50 to 90) before starting the server.

    The server checks and sets the CPU VP process to the defined priority
    if the defined value is within the above range.

10. OnLine Backup and Restore (ON-Bar)

    ON-Bar uses the XBSA interface. Some of the functions invoked by ON-Bar
    are in a shared library supplied by third party storage management vendors.
    For ON-Bar to access these functions, the library must be installed in one 
    of these three ways:

        a. Rename the library to $INFORMIXDIR/lib/ibsad001_64.so.

        b. Create $INFORMIXDIR/lib/ibsad001_64.so as a symbolic link to the
           library.

        c. Set the BAR_BSALIB_PATH parameter in $INFORMIXDIR/etc/$ONCONFIG
           to the full pathname of the library.

    Informix Interface for Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM) is supported on this 
    platform. The interface is built with TSM API version 5.3.2.

11. OnSNMP

    The SNMP agent for OnSNMP is based on SNMP Research (SNMPR).
 
12. Optical
 
    The name of the IBM Informix shared library for Optical on AIX is
    "iosm11a_64.so". This library must be located in $INFORMIXDIR/lib 
    (or must have a link provided in $INFORMIXDIR/lib). Refer to the  
    "Optical Subsystem Guide" for more information about enabling optical 
    functionality.

13. Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM)

    PAM functionality is supported on AIX operating system. The PAM is 
    dependent on the libpam.so library supplied by the Operating System 
    vendor.

    Use of PAM can be enabled or disabled by the system administrator. By 
    default, IBM Informix server will use the traditional authentication 
    mechanism in order to avoid widespread changes required by the users.

    The PAM service identifies the PAM module. This PAM module typically
    resides in /usr/lib/security and its parameters are listed in
    /etc/pam.conf.

14. Processor Affinity

    The processor affinity feature, which allows the pinning of a CPU 
    virtual processor to a physical processor in a multi-CPU configuration, 
    is supported on this platform.

15. Secure Sockets Layer

    IBM Informix Database Server uses the libraries and utilities provided by
    the IBM Global Security Kit (GSKit) for Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
    communication. 

       a. Before uninstalling GSKit, verify that it is not needed on your
          system. It is possible that software other than Informix Database
          Server requires GSKit. Uninstalling entails removing GSKit
          packages as follows:

          To remove package, as root user run the following
          installp -u -g -V2 GSKit8.gskcrypt64.ppc.rte GSKit8.gskssl64.ppc.rte

       b. If you want to restore Secure Sockets Layer capability after you
          have uninstalled GSKit, see the readme file in $INFORMIXDIR/gskit
          for how to install GSKit.

16. Shared Memory Residency

    Shared Memory Residency is supported. This feature can be enabled by 
    setting ONCONFIG parameter RESIDENT to a non-zero value.

    Please read the KAIO section in this file if you are using 
    Shared Memory Residency together with KAIO or DIRECT_IO, as this 
    combination may cause problems.

    See APAR IC76872 for further information.

17. Simple Password Communications Support Module

    The name of the IBM Informix shared library for Simple Password CSM on
    on AIX is libixspw.so.

18. Single Sign On (SSO)

    This feature requires AIX system library libgssapi_krb5 to be installed 
    on the system. This library is included in krb5.toolkit.adt (Network 
    Authentication Service App. Dev. Toolkit).


Features not Supported
======================

1.  Concurrent I/O on Shared Disk Secondary Servers.


Migrating to this 64-bit Version
================================

1.  To migrate to this 64-bit version from previous versions of the server
    (64-bit as well as 32-bit), refer to the migration process described in
    the IBM Informix Migration Guide, Version 11.70.

    To revert from this 64-bit version to all previous 64-bit versions refer
    to the IBM Informix Migration Guide, Version 11.70.

    To revert from 64-bit 11.70 (this server) to 32-bit 11.50, 11.10, 10.00, 
    or 9.40:
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
    a. Disconnect all users from this server. The 64-bit server should be
       in online mode.

    b. Run the following command as user informix or DBA:
            $INFORMIXDIR/etc/conv/update.sh -32

    c. Revert to 9.40, 10.00, 11.10 or 11.50 32-bit by following the steps 
       described in the IBM Informix Migration Guide, Version 11.70, in the 
       section "Reverting from Informix Version 11.70".

2.  All UDRs and Database Extensions that are built in 32-bit mode must be 
    re-compiled in 64-bit mode to work with the 64-bit server. If you have 
    any UDRs that were developed on 32-bit, make sure that the proper size 
    and alignment of the data structures are used for the UDRs to work 
    correctly on 64-bit after re-compilation in 64-bit mode.

3.  All UDRs and Database Extensions that are built in 64-bit on AIX 4.3.3 or 
    lower must be recompiled on AIX 5L 5.3 or higher. 64-bit binaries built 
    on AIX 4.3.3 or lower are not compatible on AIX 5.3 or higher.


Known Defects in this release
=============================

For information about known defects in this release, see: 
Click here for a list


Defects Fixed in this release
=============================

For information about defects fixed in this release, see: 
Click here for a list


(C) Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2013


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